This 2021 report marks the end of the Strategic Partnership Cooperation Framework (SPCF) between the Government of the State of Eritrea (GOSE) and the United Nations (UN) for the period 2017–2021. It captures the joint efforts of 16 Agencies, Funds and Programmes in support of the development aspirations of the Government and its people with valued support from several of our Development Partners. In the course of implementing the SPCF, far-reaching changes were brought about by the reform of the UN Development System (UNDS) in resolution A/RES/72/279 of 31st May 2018. Eritrea, together with other member states at the UN General assembly, adopted the most ambitious and comprehensive change process of the UNDS since the 1960s, with unprecedented, unanimous support from Member States and reforms that apply universally to all entities of the UNDS and all UN Country Teams globally.
This Annual Results Report (ARR) is therefore presented to highlight the achievements and the challenges of 2021, but it goes further to reflect on useful lessons and experiences from implementation of the last SPCF which were invaluable in shaping a new era of cooperation with the GoSE in the new Cooperation Framework. During the period under review, Eritrea achieved notable but mixed results in advancing economic, social, and environmental progress. Strong progress was achieved in SDG 2 on nutrition; SDG 3 on health and wellbeing; SDG 4 on access to quality education; SDG 5 on gender equality and on SDG 6 on clean water and sanitation. The country also continued to make commendable progress in climate action (SDG 13) through strong adaptation and mitigation measures. Notwithstanding these notable achievements, Eritrea faced compounding macroeconomic challenges coupled with a fluid geo-political context from which it needs to re-emerge and build back better.